Restorative Dentistry & Root Canal Therapy

Restorative Dentistry & Root Canal Therapy

Restorative Dentistry & Root Canal Therapy are a part of the branch of dentistry known as Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics. As the name suggests, these treatments try to conserve as much of the healthy tooth structure as possible, removing only that tooth structure which has been decayed beyond repair, thus conserving as much of your tooth as possible. Teeth that have deep decay may also need endodontic treatment such as Root Canal Therapy and Post and Core Therapy. The aim during these treatments is to make sure your natural tooth is restored in order to function properly.

Transparent Tooth

Pit and fissure sealants are a safe and painless way of protecting your teeth from tooth decay. A sealant is a protective plastic coating, which is applied to the biting surfaces of the back teeth. The sealant forms a hard shield that keeps food and bacteria from getting into the tiny grooves in the teeth and causing decay.

Natural tooth and Sealed Tooth image for Pit and fissure sealants

Dental cavities are caused due to tooth decay and they affect most people at least once in their lifetimes. For many patients, they can be successfully treated with a dental filling, which fills the cavity with biocompatible material to fix and restore the tooth. Though Silver Amalgam fillings are common, we prefer to use tooth-coloured composite resin for its more aesthetic appearance and its ability to strengthen the tooth.

Dental Fillings Before and After Images

Inlays and onlays are a form of indirect restoration. This means they are made outside of the mouth as a single, solid piece that fits the specific size and shape of the tooth cavity. The restoration is then cemented in place in the mouth. This is an alternative to a direct restoration, made out of composite, amalgam or glass ionomer that is built up within the mouth.

Inlays and onlays are used in molars or premolars, when the tooth has experienced too much damage to support a basic filling, but not so much damage that a crown is necessary. An inlay will incorporate the pits and fissures of a tooth, mainly encompassing the chewing surface between the cusps. An onlay will involve one or more cusps being covered.

Two images - Inlay and Onlay

A root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected. During a root canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. If the tooth structure is considerably weakened, we may reinforce it by placing a post in one or more canal(s). In order to seal the tooth after treatment, either a filling material or a dental crown are required. Without treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth will become infected and abscesses may form.

Root canal therapy