One of the important requirements for good overall health is a healthy set of teeth. Your teeth not only help you eat well, they are also responsible for your speech and diction and how your face looks. Hence it is of utmost importance to pay attention to your dental health.
Dental cavities caused due to dental decay or caries are one of the most common chronic diseases that affect individuals all over the world. Prevention and early diagnosis and treatment of cavities in your teeth is the easiest and most important way to maintain good oral health.
Speaking of prevention, all you need to do is brush twice a day, floss away and eat a healthy diet to keep cavities at bay! Cavities start as small holes on your teeth that form due to acids secreted from the food you eat. The more sugary and acidic food that you consume, the more prone you are to cavities. The earliest sign of a cavity is a black/ brown spot on your tooth that doesn’t go away on brushing. With time this spot turns into a narrow cavity which accumulates food into the crevices. This narrow crypt like cavity is not a self-cleansing area and neither can a toothbrush clean it. Repeated accumulation and degradation of the food causes more acid production eventually leading to weakening of the enamel and dentin.At this stage the cavity treatment includes a dental filling. If not treated, the cavity keeps getting bigger and ultimately affects the nerve of the toothOnce the nerve is involved there is pain and/or sensitivity. Initially the pain is mild and may occur only on chewing. As the disease progresses, the pain and sensitivity worsens and the infection can reach the jaw bone. Such a tooth becomes dead and requires advanced dental care such as root canal treatment or removal of the tooth. Basically, what starts as a tiny discoloured spot snowballs into an irreversibly damaged tooth.
To know how to identify a cavity while you can still save the tooth, look out for these signs:
Copyright @2020 The Maxfac Clinic